Chikungunya Fever: Chikungunya is a dangerous global epidemic. Chikungunya is a viral disease that is transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It is spread by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. Chikungunya virus is a mosquito-transmitted alphavirus. The global distribution suggests that chikungunya is growing at a dangerous rate. The virus has the potential to spread to new areas because it is a travel-related disease. Four different genotypes of the virus have been found in Asian, West Africa, South Africa, and the Indian Ocean.

Chikungunya has been identified in about forty countries according to geographical identity such as Cambodia in Asia, India, Indonesia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Pakistan, Myanmar, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. The outbreak has been seen in Italy, the only among European countries

The disease originated in Africa and has affected the whole world ever since. A mosquito-transmitted alphavirus, which has emerged as a global epidemic due to the highly debilitating nature of the associated disease and the unprecedented magnitude of its spread. Chikungunya originated in Africa and has since spread in large numbers throughout the world. The virus has infected millions of people in Asia, Europe, America, and the Pacific Islands. Chikungunya has been identified in many countries such as Asia, Africa, Europe, and America.

symptoms of chikungunya

Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne viral disease that was first reported during an outbreak in southern Tanzania. It is an RNA virus belonging to the genus alphavirus. The symptoms appear four to seven days after the mosquito bite. Those symptoms are the following:

-Fast fever

  • joint pain


-Muscle pain



-Eye pain

Sore throat

Joint pain often weakens the patient. Generally, this pain lasts for a few days and may persist for a long time. Most patients recover, but joint pain persists for several months and years. Complications related to the eye, neurological, may arise in these cases, and in many cases, gastrointestinal complaints have also been reported. Patients suffering from pain cannot eat or drink anything and due to this, there is a lack of water. Chikungunya testing is detected by serological tests.

How does chikungunya spread

The virus is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected female mosquitoes. This means mosquitoes are infected when they bite another person infected with this virus and it spreads to other individuals through the bite of infected mosquitoes. The disease is caused by the same mosquitoes that transmit the dengue virus. These mosquitoes bite during the day and also at night. Mostly in the daylight, this mosquito is found biting. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are spread by mosquitoes. Chikungunya virus does not spread from a mother to her newborns, but it can spread through an infected person’s blood transfusion, but this has not yet been confirmed.

Chikunguniya treatment

AIIMS professor Dr. Lalit Dhar also says that there is no specific antiviral drug available for chikungunya, but there are some remedies to relieve its symptoms such as antipyretics to reduce joint pain. There is no vaccine or actual treatment of chikungunya.

Some symptoms can be cured within a week. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen may help reduce your fever. You should consume a lot of fluids and rest. This virus can be serious for those who are suffering from high blood pressure, heart disease, and diabetes.

You should not keep water stored in any vessel near you, due to which mosquitoes can be born. Keep changing the cooler and pot of water every day. Eat things like turmeric, ginger, asafetida. Keep cleanliness in your neighborhood. Use an insecticide to kill mosquitoes and keep cleanliness in the community as much as possible. If you see symptoms of this disease then contact your doctor.

The conclusion

This disease is not spread by touching, rather it spreads to a person suffering from Chikungunya by mosquito bite of Aedes. The World Health Organization and all countries have taken excellent measures for its prevention and to a large extent, it is under disease control. You should keep your street locality clean and as far as possible from the mosquitoes of infected places and must inform the administration.

About Post Author